Yes, maize flour is gluten free. However, you should be aware that some brands contain wheat flour, so check the labels carefully.
Maize flour is often used in bread and cakes as they have a similar texture to wheat flour but without any of its negative effects on your health. They can also be used for making pasta or other baked goods such as cookies.
You may find it difficult to source this type of flour if you live outside Europe, however, there are many online stores that sell it from all over the world.
This can be used if you are having a gluten-free diet, which means avoiding products containing wheat flour. It’s important to note that not all types of cornflour are suitable for baking due to their different properties.
You need to make sure that the brand you buy contains only 100% cornstarch and no additives like maltodextrin or dextrose.
What is coeliac disease?
Coeliac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disorder in which gluten causes damage to the small intestine. Gluten is found in wheat, rye, barley, and oats, but not in rice, corn, millet, buckwheat, amaranth, quinoa, kamut, spelt, and bulgur.
Although the exact cause of CD is unknown, the immune system appears to attack the lining of the small intestine when it reacts to gluten.
This leads to inflammation and damage to the intestinal cells, causing the malabsorption of nutrients.
Symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhoea, weight loss, and fatigue. The condition can affect people of any age, although most cases occur during childhood.
Children on gluten are very common nowadays because parents want them to eat healthy food. This is why we see more and more kids with allergies these days.
Reaction to gluten
Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye, and oats. It makes up about 2 percent of human body weight.
When people with celiac disease consume gluten, their immune system reacts and damages the lining of the small intestine. Symptoms include diarrhea, bloating, fatigue, abdominal pain, and weight loss.
The amounts of gluten can vary depending on how much someone eats. For example:
- A person eating 1 slice of pizza has consumed 0.5 grams of gluten.
- Someone consuming 3 slices of pizza would have eaten 1 gram of gluten.
- If a person ate 10 pieces of bread, he/she could have had 5 grams of gluten.
If you think you might have Celiac Disease, talk to your doctor first before starting a gluten-free diet.
Contamination with gluten
Some people who are intolerant to gluten find it difficult to digest, causing bloating, cramping, and diarrhea.
The traces of gluten can be present even after cooking foods properly. Therefore, it’s recommended to avoid cross contamination by washing hands thoroughly after handling raw meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, etc., especially those made with gluten.
It is possible to get sick from ingesting gluten through contaminated food, water, or air.
Label reading for a gluten free diet
The foods with gluten can be identified by checking the ingredients list. If you see ‘gluten’ then the product will probably contain wheat flour.
You could try looking at the nutritional information panel too – look out for words like:
Contains wheat / barley / rye / maltose / dextrins / lactose / milk protein concentrate / soybean oil / hydrolysed vegetable proteins / vegetable gum / mono-, di-and triglycerides / natural flavourings / artificial flavours / preservatives / colourants / sweeteners / yeast extract / vitamins / minerals / antioxidants / herbal extracts / enzymes / spices / nutritional supplements / fibre / fatty acids / carbohydrates / protein.
If these terms appear, then the food has been processed using wheat flour. You might want to avoid them because they don’t provide much nutrition.
The definite sources of gluten
The Definite sources of gluten can be found in some hybrid of wheat and rye grains called triticale. This grain was developed specifically to combine the best qualities of both wheat and rye.
Detectable gluten can be also be found in some proportion of starch. Some product packaging lists the amount of starch present in each serving. For example, one cup of cooked brown rice would typically contain around 5g of starch.
Is corn gluten-free?
Corn gluten-free is a natural sweetener made from corn starch. It is produced by grinding dried corn kernels into flour.
The flour is then processed to remove the protein portion of the kernel, leaving behind only the starch. This process creates a high-fructose corn syrup product that has no carbohydrates.
There are many types of corn gluten-free products that are available on supermarket shelves today. They come in various forms such as powder, granules, flakes, and even liquid form.
How do I know what type of corn gluten-free flour to use?
It depends on your needs. There are two main categories of corn gluten-free flours; those that have added sugar and those without.
Those with added sugars usually have more than 10 grams per tablespoon. These are often labeled as “corn starch” or “modified tapioca”.
The gluten in corn flour is not harmful but may cause digestive problems if consumed regularly. The other category contains naturally occurring starches that are safe to consume.
What about oats? Are they gluten-free?
Oats are considered an excellent source of dietary fiber. However, there are different varieties of oat used in manufacturing.
Most commonly, we refer to rolled oats when talking about this cereal. Oatmeal is another variety of oats that is eaten either hot or cold.
The healthy gluten
Some naturally gluten is healthy alternatives to wheat-based bread. The most common ones include quinoa, buckwheat, and amaranth.
All three are considered pseudocereal due to their similar appearance and texture when compared to regular cereal.
Quinoa contains all essential amino acids needed for human growth and development. The flavorings with gluten may not agree with everyone but it’s worth trying if you’re interested in learning about alternative cereals.
Here’s more :
- Gluten maltodextrin vinegar
This recipe for gluten is maltodextrin vinegar uses barley malt instead of wheat malt. Maltodextrin is a carbohydrate derived from malted barley.
Maltodextrin is a soluble fibre that helps lower cholesterol levels. It is also known to help reduce blood glucose levels after meals.
- Home-baked gluten free cornbread
These key ingredients are eggs, milk, butter, salt, and baking soda. All these ingredients are easily accessible at home.
Eggs provide proteins while milk provides calcium and vitamin D. Butter adds richness and moisture. Salt enhances flavour. Baking soda gives rise to leavening effect during cooking.